The 9th of Adar is the day, approximately 2,000 years ago, on which the initially peaceful and constructive conflict (machloket l’shem shamayim) between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, erupted into a violent and destructive conflict over a vote on 18 legal matters leading to the death of 3,000 students. The day was later declared a fast day, however, it was never observed as such.
The Pardes Center for Judaism and Conflict Resolution has therefore chosen this day to be the international Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict (machloket l’shem shamayim), dedicated to both the study and practice of Judaism and conflict resolution.
Join Us This 9 Adar (February 21-28, 2015)
There are 18 ways you or your organization can participate in your home, workplace, synagogue, school and community, recalling the 18 matters over which the conflict erupted.
|Traditional Fast Day Customs (Minhagim)
|Learn/Teach (Talmud Torah)
|Be a Rodef Shalom for the Day
Help turn this 9 Adar into the Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict.
For more information, please go to 9adar.org
Material from 2013:
9 Adar 5773 / February 19, 2013
Inaugural year of activities promoting machloket l'shem shamayim
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Resources prepared specifically for this day
- Study guide: English/Hebrew (Letter or A4) and Hebrew only (A4). (For a Word doc of the English/Hebrew: Letter or A4)
Podcast about Parshat Terumah (Feb. 16) and the 9th of Adar by Rabbi Daniel Roth, PCJCR Director.
Article about the Ninth of Adar by Rabbi Dr. Daniel Roth
Article about Jewish models of constructive conflict by Rabbi Dr. Chaim Kaminsky, PCJCR Senior Research Scholar
Jewish Council for Public Affairs (JCPA) materials:
- A page with a section from the Mishnah (Avot 5:17) with contemporary commentaries, arranged like a page of Gemara.
- Discussion questions on Eruvin 13b and commentaries by Dr. Erica Brown, Rabbi Amy Eilberg, Rabbi Doug Kahn, and Rabbi Sheldon Lewis.
- A commentary on machloket l’shem shamayim by Rabbi Steve Gutow, JCPA President and CEO.
Further reading in Hebrew:
- Article about the relationship between mediation and constructive conflict by Dr. David Silvera, Chief Editor of Sulcha - The Israeli Mediation Portal.
- Article defining machloket l’shem shamayim by Rabbi Ronen Neuwirth, CEO of Beit Hillel.
Gopin, Marc and Roth, Daniel. The Rodef Shalom and the Transformation of Conflicts from Destructive to Constructive. Take the Rodef Shalom Online Course: where you will be able to study additional texts, watch video of Rabbi Dr. Marc Gopin and Rabbi Daniel Roth discussing the materials (view after reviewing texts), and then join the online discussion board.
- Kaminsky, Howard. Traditional Jewish Perspectives on Peace and Interpersonal Conflict Resolution. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 2005.
- Roness, Michal, ed. "Conﬂict and Conﬂict Management in Jewish Sources." Program on Conﬂict Management and Negotiation. Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel, 2008, pp. 13-15 and 26-36.
- Guidebook for Facilitators, by Maggie Herzig of the Public Conversations Project with Mitch Chanin of the Jewish Dialogue Group
2013 Pardes around the world commemorating this day:
- Meesh Hammer-Kossoy and Malka Landau @ Pardes in Jerusalem. Pardes students only.
- Yaffa Epstein, Alana Alpert and Dasi Fruchter @ Limmud New York.
- Daniel Roth @ Limmud Bay Area.
- Daniel Roth @ Ikar on Shabbat, February 16.