9 Adar: Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict


9 Adar

The 9th of Adar is the day, approximately 2,000 years ago, on which the initially peaceful and constructive conflict (machloket l’shem shamayim) between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, erupted into a violent and destructive conflict over a vote on 18 legal matters leading to the death of 3,000 students. The day was later declared a fast day, however, it was never observed as such.

The Pardes Center for Judaism and Conflict Resolution has therefore chosen this day to be the international Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict (machloket l’shem shamayim), dedicated to both the study and practice of Judaism and conflict resolution.


Join Us This 9 Adar (February 21-28, 2015)

There are 18 ways you or your organization can participate in your home, workplace, synagogue, school and community, recalling the 18 matters over which the conflict erupted.

Traditional Fast Day Customs (Minhagim)

  1. Fast (ta’anit)
  2. Fast from destructive speech (ta’anit dibbur)
  3. Contribute (tzedakah)
  4. Self-reflect (teshuvah)
  5. Pray (tefilah)
  6. Cook/eat (se’udah)


Learn/Teach (Talmud Torah)

  1. Write
  2. Study/Read/listen
  3. Give a dvar torah (words of Torah)
  4. Teach
  5. Announce/share/tell
  6. Create


Be a Rodef Shalom for the Day

  1. Sign/Create a Rodef Shalom Agreement (Haskamah)
  2. Greet others as a rodef shalom
  3. Be a rodef shalom in your own conflicts
  4. Be a rodef shalom for others in conflict
  5. Be a rodef shalom by facilitating a constructive conversation
  6. Invite a professional rodef shalom

Help turn this 9 Adar into the Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict.

For more information, please go to 9adar.org


Material from 2013:

9 Adar 5773 / February 19, 2013

Inaugural year of activities promoting machloket l'shem shamayim


Resources prepared specifically for this day

PCJCR materials:

Jewish Council for Public Affairs (JCPA) materials:

Further reading in Hebrew:

Additional resources:

2013 Pardes around the world commemorating this day:
  • Meesh Hammer-Kossoy and Malka Landau @ Pardes in Jerusalem. Pardes students only.
  • Yaffa Epstein, Alana Alpert and Dasi Fruchter @ Limmud New York.
  • Daniel Roth @ Limmud Bay Area.
  • Daniel Roth @ Ikar on Shabbat, February 16.

Constructive Conflict

Thank you for participating in 9 Adar, the Jewish Day of Constructive Conflict.